Building Resilient Regions after a natural disaster
Assessing policies to build resilient regions that have been affected by large natural disasters requires place-based policy responses, for two main reasons:
• Short-term reconstruction decisions will impact the options available for long-term sustainable development. Reconstruction, hence, must become the occasion to re-think and implement a coherent strategy of economic and social development focused on the economic potential and job creation of the areas hit.
• Implementation of the development strategy needs an effective governance framework and tools to guarantee the coordination among public and private actors and national-local partnership.
OECD policy recommendations for rebuilding after a natural disaster
Discussions between experts from OECD regions hit by natural disasters led to the elaboration of eight policy recommendations for rebuilding after a natural disaster.
- Make sure that short-term decisions do not constrain long-term options.
- Identify the economic base and the social and economic drivers specific to the region to increase its resilience.
- Develop an integrated strategy to redevelopment after a natural disaster by strengthening the dialogue among stakeholders to raise the profile of needed reforms and quality of decisions.
- Strategic choices have to be locally led.
- Use the occasion of a crisis to introduce reforms or standards for the country.
- Foster public participation to help decision making.
- Make public deliberation a regular component of the regional development strategy.
- Build trust, increase accountability of policy-making and improve capacity of